South Africa


Hydrogen - Key Priority for South Africa

President Ramaphosa cited that hydrogen fuels cells are a national priority as an alternative energy source.


Hydrogen presents a significant opportunity for economic development in South Africa, including the creation of new jobs and the monetization of the platinum industry. It is also a contributor to South Africa’s decarbonization objectives, leveraging renewable development programs to produce green hydrogen, now at the centre of many sector level green strategies (e.g., green steel, green buildings). Finally, global commitments towards hydrogen production and demand create an opportunity for South Africa to engage in energy export at the international level.

Hydrogen Ore Hauler

Anglo American, in collaboration with several partners, e.g. RTS Africa Engineering and NEL, developed a mining haul truck with hydrogen power technology. At the Mogalakwena PGMs mine in South Africa, Anglo American is building a 3.5 MW electrolyser to produce hydrogen on site for use in fuelling the hydrogen powered fuel cell electric haul truck. Anglo American subsequently expect to roll out this technology across the Mogalakwena fleet and those at our other operations around the world in the years to come.

Nel Hydrogen Electrolyser Ex-Senior Vice President Business Development David Bow: “If you look at the total installed base of 28,000 mining trucks around the world, the emission from those trucks is equivalent to the entire emissions from a country such as New Zealand or Finland. If you de-carbonise those 28,000 trucks that are in the hands of open pit mining companies around the world, you are roughly removing an impact of 150-million cars off the roads.”


World’s Largest Green Ammonia Plant

As the world looks to green solutions to reduce the devastating impact of climate change and deliver on its COP26 commitments, Hive Hydrogen and Linde announce the establishment of a 780,000 ton/year $4.6bn Green Ammonia Plant with its own dedicated power supply at the Coega Special Economic Zone alongside the Port of Ngqura.


There is massive surge in demand for ammonia globally to meet current agricultural, chemical and mining requirements and this, together with the future switch to Green Ammonia as the main fuel in the maritime industry and for coal substitution, makes this the perfect time to invest in this commodity.

Hive Energy CEO, Giles Redpath said, “We can now confidently announce our collective aspiration to move forward to Final Investment Decision and commencing the development of this world leading project at the Coega Special Economic Zone. The renewable energy and energy storage component alone will be the biggest project of its kind in Sub-Saharan Africa and one of the largest globally. Find more information HERE.

1-MW Containerised Zero Gap Advanced Alkaline Electrolyzer

Hydrox Holdings (Hydrox) is working to provide 1-MW containerised Zero Gap Advanced Alkaline Electrolysis (AAE) production plants which allow for ease of installation and maximum flexibility. The AAE electrolyzer operates in the liquid alkaline space and takes on the state-of-the-art zero gap configuration employing tried and trusted cell components from world renowned suppliers.


The South African based company is on the path to becoming the first and largest OEM supplier of liquid alkaline systems in Africa. Hydrox plans to further reduce the cost of electrolytic hydrogen production through the development and deployment of its liquid alkaline technologies which include its DEFT (Divergent Electrode Flow-Through) membraneless electrolysis technology which is patented worldwide and developed through sponsorship and support from the Shell Global GameChanger fund. 

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Hydrogen Valley & Hydrogen Hubs

The South African government’s Department of Science and Innovation (DSI), in partnership with Anglo-American, Bambili Energy and ENGIE are looking into opportunities to transform the Bushveld complex and larger region around Johannesburg, Mogalakwena and Durban into a Hydrogen Valley.

To realize these objectives for South Africa, Hydrogen Valleys can be leveraged to kickstart the hydrogen economy, leading to cost savings through shared infrastructure investments, improving the cost competitiveness of hydrogen production through economies of scale, enabling a rapid ramp-up of hydrogen production within a given territory, and leveraging an incubator for new pilot hydrogen projects.

Three catalytic green hydrogen hubs have been identified in South Africa’s Hydrogen Valley.These hubs have been identified based on locations with potential for a high concentration of future hydrogen demand, the possibility to produce hydrogen (e.g., access to sun/wind, water infrastructure), and contributions to the just transition—an economic development plan that brings positive social impact particularly to more fragile groups and communities. These hubs – in Johannesburg, Durban/Richards Bay, and Mogalakwena/Limpopo – will host pilot projects and contribute to the launch of the hydrogen economy in the Hydrogen Valley (Source: South Africa Hydrogen Valley Final Report, October 2021)