Thursday, 10 August 2017

A Region at Risk: The Human Dimensions of Climate Change in Asia-Pacific

Source: Asian Development Bank, July 2017

Recent regional climate change projections have consequences for human systems, particularly for developing countries in Asia and the Pacific.

Asia and the Pacific continues to be exposed to climate change impacts. Home to the majority of the world’s poor, the population of the region is particularly vulnerable to those impacts. Unabated warming could largely diminish previous achievements of economic development and improvements, putting the future of the region at risk.

The report discusses the most recent projections pertaining to climate change and climate change impacts in Asia and the Pacific, and the consequences of these changes to human systems, particularly for developing countries. It also highlights gaps in the existing knowledge and identifies avenues for continued research.


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Migration

Rising temperatures, reductions in water availability, as well as an increasing frequency and severity of disaster events are already causing human displacement—a trend that could be aggravated by future climate impacts. The depreciation and degradation of natural resources through climate change threatens to lead to an increase in rural poverty and migration to cities, which will in turn add to the growth of informal settlements. Cities, as a result, will be vulnerable to both global climate events, due to their reliance on global supply chains, and local disasters, due to the vulnerability of the makeshift settlements that migrants often inhabit in urban slums. While a 2°C temperature rise will already lead to moderate risks in some regions, a 4°C increase could trigger severe disruptions of ecosystem services vital to the Asian economy. This could lead to humanitarian disasters in many nations and result in unmanageable migration surges, or locked-in populations.

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Download the report here: https://www.adb.org/sites/default/files/publication/325251/region-risk-climate-change.pdf

For more information about the Asian Development Bank, please visit www.adb.org.